Pest Management

T: 780-322-3831 | F: 780-322-3000 | Email: agservices@northernsunrise.net
Address: 10203 - 101 Avenue (Railway), Nampa AB, T0H 2R0


 

Pests in Alberta

The Agricultural Pest Act provides authority for the Minister to declare as a pest or nuisances any animal, bird, insect, plant or disease which negatively impacts the environment and/or agricultural production.

Legislation enables inspectors and local authorities to deal with these Pests & Nuisances.

Northern Sunrise County is responsible for protecting the agricultural productivity of the municipality by controlling native and introduced pests.

Landowners are accountable for controlling pests on their properties.

The Agricultural Pest Act directs that declared Agricultural Pests must be controlled, while Agricultural Nuisances may be controlled.

Examples of pests in the County are:

  • Clubroot of Canola - not present currently in the County, but is monitored
  • Virulent Blackleg of Canola
  • Fusarium Head Blight (Graminearum)
  • Grasshoppers
  • Norway Rat (Alberta is a rat free Province!  What does this mean: there is no resident population of rats in Alberta.  They are not allowed to establish themselves in this Province.  It does not mean that we never get rats.  Occasionally small infestations are found in Alberta.  The difference is that when found, the rats are isolated and eradicated through proven control methods).

Examples of nuisances in the County are:

  • Coyotes
  • Richardson's Ground Squirrel
  • Skunks

Plan to scout for crop pests?

Early detection of harmful crop pests allows producers an opportunity to utilize available control measures or plan rotations to manage outbreaks.

Most disease pests may be prevented or limited by lengthening crop rotations - shortened rotations dramatically increase the risk of infection.

The Agricultural Pest Act has listed a number of pests which must be controlled, and properties in Northern Sunrise County will be inspected for these pests as well.

Common Crop Pests

Some expamples of crop pests causing the greatest concern localy are:

Virulent Blackleg of Canola

Fungal canker / dry rot disease of growing crop, causing girdling and lodging.  Heavily infested crops can result in major yield loss and grade reductions.  Spreads by seeds and spores. Yes it never left!


Clubroot of Canola

Soil born plant pathogen disease.  Clubroot alters hormone balance, resulting in galls.  Spread by spore infected soils.  May decimate up to 80% of yield, and reduce marketing options.  Planting a Clubroot tolerant variety will further delay the spread of th disease.


Grasshoppers of various species

May cause serious damage and yield loss to both forages and annual crops and should be closely monitored.  If we don't get good rain in late May - early June, start scounting!

2016 Grasshopper Forecast The risk of economically significant grasshopper populations in 2016 has increased in northern central Alberta in the Peace Region.

Fusarium Graminearum of cereal crops and corn

This disease contains mycotoxins which are toxic to animals.  May reduce yields and can seriously limit marketing options, due to the toxins present in infected seed.
The Alberta Fusarium Graminearum Management Plan recommends that all seed sent to facilities for cleaning be tested prior to delivery to avoid contaminating the plant and other seed lots.

Fusarium is a serious cereal disease that has been spreading across Alberta.  Learn how to manage it.

STOP Fusarium Before it Stops You!

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Fusarium Management - Alberta Agriculture


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Did you know? 

Northern Sunrise County offers financial assistance for lab analysis of Fusarium Graminearum.  Please call for details.

The County supports the testing of all cereal seed prior to delivery to the seed cleaning facility, and has agreed to subsidize a portion of testing costs.  This simple measure may help to prevent Fusarium Graminearum from becoming more established in the area.
  • Purchasing Blackleg resistant varieties does not mean the plant isn't susceptable to the fungus.  These varieties are very tolerant, not resistant, which means the plants can still get infected.
  • Cutting a Canola plant at the crown can help assess internal infection for Virulent Blackleg.
  • Pressure washing equipment with 1 - 2 % bleach solution can greatly reduce risk of spreading Clubroot.  EcoClear or HyperOx can also be effectively used.

Common Nuisances
 

Some expamples of nuisances causing the greatest concern localy are:

Coyotes

Coyotes cause over 75 percent of the predation losses of livestock in Alberta. The coyote is the most numerous of the dog family in Alberta.  In comparison to Alberta's other native wild dog species, the coyote is smaller in size than the grey wolf, but larger than the red fox.  They are highly adaptable, and can be found in all terrestrial habitats in Alberta.  The majority of coyotes in Alberta are found in agricultural areas, where rodents, and other small animals including pocket gophers, ground squirrels, rabbits, hares and mice, constitute most of their food supply.  Most of the rest of their food, especially during winter, comes from scavenging livestock and other animal carcasses.  They are opportunistic predators, usually attacking the easiest prey. Any coyote has the potential to kill livestock, but only some do.

Richardson's Ground Squirrel

Commonly called the prairie gopher, yellow gopher, flicker tail or picket pin.  Ground squirrels play an important role in the ecology of Alberta's wildlife.  They are a major source of food for many predatory birds, mammals and reptiles.  It is the most common ground squirrel of the five species found in Alberta.  They spend the majority of their life underground.  They eat a wide variety of food, most prefer succulent green vegetation such as grasses, forbs, young shrubs and seeds.  Damage caused by Richardson's ground squirrels range from causing an occasional headache for some to a significant loss of crop production to others.


Skunks

Skunks are not protected by law in Alberta.  The Agricultural Pests Act declares the skunk as a nuisance.  Skunks are nocturnal animals, active and feeding during night hours.  They eat many harmful insects and rodents but also prey on eggs and young of waterfowl and other ground-nesting birds.  They sometimes cause problems in bee yards by feeding on bees as they emerge from the hive.  They also occasionally prey on farm poultry and eggs.


Pest vs. Nuisances

The difference between a pest and a nuisance is the method in which they are controlled.  A pest shall be eradicated and a nuisance is to be controlled.

A complete list of Pests and Nuisances is available under sections 2 and 3 or the Pest and Nuisance Control Regulation.

An "animal" or "bird" does not include:
  • big game
  • a bird of prey
  • a game bird
  • or an endangered animal


As a landowner how does this affect you?

We all have a vested interest in controlling crop pests, and all landowners are responsible for taking action to ensure spread is controlled and does not increase.

Spread will continue unless we collectively make a concerted effort to control them.  Intergrated management control work by all landowners is the most effective way to stop the spread of crop  pests.

Let Us Help

Pest control can be a daunting task.  Northern Sunrise County recognizes this, which is why we have put a few programs in place to assist landowners.
 
Authorization Release
A release from the landowner that permits the County to relay information about the property to their renter / leaseholder.

Bran Bait Release
The Grasshopper Management Program was developed to address high levels of grasshopper infestations by applying Bran Bait in Municipal Right-of-Ways adjacent to the affected crop(s).  Applications of Bran Bait shall be conducted by annual request, priority of application shall be determined by level of grasshopper infestation, as budget permits.

Forms Worth Completing
Purpose
Authorization to relay Information to renters/leaseholders
Grasshopper Management Program

 


Pest Inspection Report

 

Once a property has been inspected a report is made.







This report includes:

  • Property owner
  • Legal land description
  • Inspection notes
  • Findings of pests if applicable
Pest location(s) are marked out with orange plygon(s) (shape) which is then displayed on the report map.

 


Agricultural Reports

Click on the links below to be redirected to reports
Crop   Pest
2016 - Alberta Crop Reports  
2016 - Alberta Insect Pest Monitoring Network
    2016 - Prairie Pest Monitoring Newwork


Crop and Insect Pest and Weed reports are generated from Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, Alberta Insect Pest Monitoring Network, Prairie Pest Monitoring Network.